Camargue Horse Logo


The French government officially set standards for the Camargue horse in 1976 and registered the main Camargue breeders in order to preserve purity in the breed. The Camargue horse was then officially recognized by the National Stud Farms in 1978 and a stud book was set up.

Camargue Horse

Registrations for identifying Camargue horses are 1) Camargue: Horses registered in the stud book, foaled and identified in Camargue area, branded before weaning, and from a manade (a small, semi-feral herd structure). The berceau or cradle of the breed is strictly defined, and consists of 45 communes in the départements of Bouches-du-Rhône, Gard and Hérault.; 2) Camargue hors manade: Horses registered in the stud book, foaled and identified in Camargue area, and not from a manade.; 3) Camargue hors berceau: Horses registered in the stud book, foaled and identified outside of the Camargue area. There exists a strong sense of regionalism in Camargue area, so registration for the horses is treated similarly to an Appellation d'origine contrôlée.; 4) The Cavallo del Delta: The Camargue horse was introduced in the 1970s to the Po delta in Italy, where under the name "Cavallo del Delta" it is treated as an indigenous breed. In 2011 the registered population numbered 163.

Births in the wild occur from April until July. The horses are gathered up at the age of three and trained. One of the techniques which is taught is neck reining, allowing the rider to keep only one hand on the reins. Most of the farms or manades where Camarques are bred, only males are broken in and the mares are bred for reproduction. Breeders of the Camargue belong to the Association des Eleveurs de Chevaux de Race Camargue (Breeders Association for the Race of the Camargue Horse ). The Camargue Horse is also known as "horse of the sea."

The Camargue horse is one of the oldest breeds of horses known. It is indigenous of the harsh wetlands of the Camargue region of Southern France where it has resided as far back as prehistoric times. Researchers believe that the Camargue horse is a descendent from the ancient Solutre horse. Archeological evidence of this has been found to a considerable extent in the Burgundy region of France. The Camargue horse is also closely related to Spanish breeds from the northern part of the peninsula.

Camargue horses live almost free within the marshes and saltworts of throughout most the year. They are rounded up annually for health inspections, branding, and gelding of unsuitable stock. In 1970, the Parc Naturel Régional de Camargue (Regional Natural Park of the Camargue) along the shoreline of Camargue was established as a regional park and natural reserve. The park covers over 500 square miles.

Camarque horses are very rustic little horses that are born black or dark brown. However, as they grow to adulthood, their coat lightens until it is pale grey or white. They have a coarse, heavy, oriental-type square heads of primitive horses. However, the influence of Arabian, Barb and Thoroughbred blood can also be seen. They average from 13.1 to 14.2 hands high, and have a short body with straight upright shoulders, deep chest, extremely hardy legs with clean joints, long forearms, very good hooves and a full mane and tail. The Camargue horse weighs from 660 to 880 pounds. Its eyes are large and expressive, and its ears are are broad and short. Life expectancy is from 20 to 25 years.

The Camargue horse has a very calm temperament, agility, and stamina. It is generally self sufficient animals and do not require much from their keepers.

3 Camargue Horses

Camargue horses are excellent mounts. They are the traditional mount of the gardians (Camargue cowboys). They can easily walk for long distances, withstanding extreme conditions and going without food for a long period of time. The horse's remarkable temperament, agility, and endurance has resulted in its being used for equestrian games, dressage and long distance riding.

Because of wildlife sanctuaries, the Camargue has reclaimed its homeland. In addition, the Camargue gardians and breeders are aiding in preserving the breed. By exhibiting breed's skills at local festivals, people are becoming aware of the breed.

| Home | Horse Breeds | Horse_Specialities | Cold-Blooded Horses |

| Warm-Blooded Horses | Hot-Blooded Horses | Horse Organizations |

| Horse Links |

Horse Breeds Of The World
© 2016
All rights reserved.